In this journey, I visited the capital of Jordan, Amman. Here’s the story goes.
Finally, Royal Jordanian plane that took me and his entourage landed smoothly at Queen Alia Airport, Amman, capital of Jordan. Although tired after the flight from Jakarta to Amman for 12 hours, I along with a friend of journalists and bloggers from Indonesia to keep the spirit started our visit at one of the oldest cities in the world.
With an area of 92 300 square kilometers, Jordan is in the center of the Middle East. Adjacent to Syria in the north, Iraq in the east, Saudi Arabia to the east and south, as well as Palestine and Israel in the west. Jordan is famous for having many historical places that represent the world’s great civilizations in the past.
Many great nations are trying to control and silence here, from the Kingdom of ancient Iraq as Sumerian, Babylonian, and Mesopotamian. Pharaoh of Egypt, to nomadic Nabateans, and the kingdom of classical civilization, Greeks, Romans, and Persians, and Ottoman empire. It makes a lot of world heritage found in Jordan. Including the remains of the Prophet, remember the location of Jordan which is located between Mecca and Jerusalem, where three great religions were born.
Amman city has existed since Neolithic times around 6500 BC. Amman also mentioned in the Old Testament, the name Rabbat-Ammon, who was then in power Ammonite rate (around 1200 BC). When in the Roman Empire, Amman known as Philadelphia. Until finally the city is ruled by the Umayyad dynasty and restored his name to Amman, after returning victorious in the Ottoman Empire.
Amman has now become old and modern city inhabited by around 4 million of the 7 million population of Jordan. Fueled by the ruins of the ancient city, such as the Roman Theatre, Roman temple and several Byzantine churches. Jordan also has many modern facilities like the capital city, such as museums, good infrastructure, shops, world class restaurants, as well as five-star hotel.
Hercules in Amman Citadel
There are dozens of ruins in Jordan, we visited with our guide, Waleed Haseyat, from the Jordan Tourism Board. One of them is a historic site located in the middle of Amman, the Amman Citadel, or Jabal al-Qal’a. Site of the ruins which are part of the heritage town of Roman, Byzantine, and another empire, located on top of one of the seven hills in Amman.
This historic complex consisting of the Temple of Hercules, Byzantine churches, as well as the ruins of the mosque and the lounge area of the caliphs. Any of these ruins, it appears the greatness of the kingdoms. There are also pieces of sculpture hand sofa for one seat, allegedly part of a statue of Hercules. “Imagine how big the statue is intact,” said Waleed.
Unfortunately, all the witnesses of history was destroyed by the massive earthquake that hit the area in 749 AD. However, if you want to know more fully the history of civilization in Jordan, visitors can see it in Jordan Archeological Museum in the same complex.
From the top of Citadel, we are treated to views of downtown Amman. In the midst of the hustle and population density of the city, seemed a Roman theater, known as the Roman Theatre. Uniquely, the theater built by Greek used by Roman society. There is a difference between Greek and Roman theater. Theater seat made in Greece has always been carved in the side of a hill or a rock. So, part of the audience is part of the rock. While the Roman Theater has always set itself apart or stand-alone, not being part of the rock.